Psychotic Disorder

Fighting Against the Mind

Background

A psychotic disorder refers to a mental illness where one loses their sense of reality, psychosis. The term is rarely used because of the stigma attached to it. Nonetheless, the severity of psychosis varies between people and usually ticks one’s sanity. Psychosis is discussed in more detail on credible medical sites. You can learn more by exploring the resource below.

Types of Psychosis

Psychosis is often associated with other conditions. Some of the conditions are:

Schizophrenia can be a challenging obstacle as one may hear voices and see things that are not there. It is usually a lifelong brain disorder.

Symptoms:

  • Unusual thoughts
  • Difficulty expressing oneself
  • Issues with memory and attention

This illness refers to when you are suffering from both a mood disorder and psychosis.

Symptoms:

  • Paranoia
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations

Bipolar disorder is noted by fast changes between extreme high and low personalities. Often, symptoms of psychosis may appear during these episodes.

Symptoms:

  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions

Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome that affects one’s mental function and ability to move normally. This occurs in episodes where victims are unable to respond to stimuli.

Symptoms:

  • Impaired motor skills
  • Impaired speech
Factors Contributing to Psychosis

Finding the root cause of psychosis is difficult due to the wide range of possible determinants. Additionally, there is much to learn about how psychosis and other mental illnesses affect the development of the brain — it is difficult to pinpoint exact causes. However, some risks are common among those suffering from psychosis, therefore should be avoided. Some of these risks are:

  • Genetics
  • Traumatic events
  • Substance use
  • Underlying health conditions
Treatment

Little is known about how psychosis changes the brain. However, there are methods to reduce symptoms and find peace: medication and psychotherapy. Additionally, people with psychosis should be supported by other people — friends, family, or a support group. 

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a method to help individuals identify and reform their distorted beliefs and negative thought patterns. Ultimately, the goal is to promote a more positive and empowering mindset within the individual.

Social Rehabilitation

Social rehabilitation help loved ones come to terms with their illness preventing isolation from all social contact. Conclusively, the goal is to encourage seeking help and facing the illness with others.

Medication

The medication aids in reducing the stress of psychosis, but it is important to know that medication does not provide a “cure.” There are a few select medications that doctors prescribe, such as tranquilizers or antipsychotics.

Test Your Knowledge

Mental Health Psychotic Disorder

Find out how much you’ve learned through our resources by taking our short quiz! It covers everything on the psychotic disorder.

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What does psychosis refer to?

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What does CBT hope to achieve for those affected by psychosis?

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Which are possible treatment methods for psychosis?

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Which are the symptoms of Catatonia?

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What are symptoms correlated to psychosis?

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Which is NOT a risk that may contribute to psychosis?

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Sources:

Cherney, Kristeen. “What Is Considered a Psychotic Disorder and Is That Term Appropriate?” Heathline, 8 Apr. 2020, www.healthline.com/health/psychotic-disorder.

“Psychotic Disorders.” Psychotic Disorders | MentalHealth.gov, 23 Aug. 2017, www.mentalhealth.gov/what-to-look-for/psychotic-disorders.

“Schizophrenia.” Schizophrenia | MentalHealth.gov, 23 Aug. 2017, www.mentalhealth.gov/what-to-look-for/psychotic-disorders/schizophrenia.

*This site content is provided for informational purposes only and does not intend to substitute professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have medical questions and/or concerns, please contact a medical professional.