South America

Overview

  • Population: 423,581,078 
  • Land Area: 6.89 million square miles 
  • Largest Country (by land area): Brazil 
  • Smallest Country (by land area): Suriname 
  • Largest Country (by population): Brazil 
  • Major Biomes: Marine Rainforest, Alphine, Desert, Savannas, Grassland, Chaparral, Desert scrub Freshwater and Deciduous Desert 
  • Longest River: Amazon River 
  • Highest Mountain: Aconcagua 
  • Largest Lake: Lake Titicaca 
  • Largest Desert: Atacama Desert 
  • Languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch 
  • Inventions: Hot air balloon 

Fun facts 

  • Atacama is the driest desert in South America
  • Andes is the longest mountain range in the world 
  • There are 12 countries 
  • The Amazon Rainforest is the world’s most biodiverse place South America used to connect to Africa 550 million years ago 
  • La Paz is the highest capital in the world 
  • The highest water fall in the world is Santo del Angel (aka Angel Falls) 
 
Countries of South America:
  • Argentina
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Bouvet Island
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
  • French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  • Suriname
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)