“Leadership should be born out of the understanding of the needs of those who would be affected by it.”
- Name: Marian Anderson
- Born: February 27, 1897
- Died: April 8, 1993
- From: Philadelphia, PA
- Spouse: Orpheus H. Fisher
- Occupation: Opera Singer
- Known For: Advocate for African-American artists to overcome prejudice
- 1939: NAACP Spingarn Medal
- 1963: Presidential Medal of Freedom
- 1973: National Women’s Hall of Fame
- 1977: United Nations Peace Prize
- 1977: New York City – Handel Medallion
- 1977: Congressional Gold Medal
- 1980: United States Treasury Department Gold Commemorative Medal
- 1991: Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
- Honorary doctorate from Howard University, Temple University, Smith College
Marian Anderson was born in Philadelphia. At the age of 6, she began singing at local functions where she was often paid 25 or 50 cents for singing a few songs. Her family could not pay for any music lessons or high school. Anderson would perform wherever she could and learn from anyone willing to teach her. She got her first big break at a singing competition sponsored by the New York Philharmonic and gained international notoriety performing for a few dozen Goodwill Ambassador Tours and several Presidential Inaugurations. Anderson paved the way for many African-American artists who followed. The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) denied Anderson the opportunity to perform at Constitution Hall because of her color, prompting Eleanor Roosevelt and thousands to resign from the organization. At Eleanor Roosevelt’s instigation, Marian Anderson sang in an open-air Easter concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to a crowd of over 75,000 in addition to a national radio audience of millions.
To download the Handout:
- Click on the image
- Right-click and select Save Image As…
- Write a description on the line and decorate.
- Cut out and use for a selfie to share on our social media page.
- Download a card and envelope template and write about an idea this leader inspires.
- Check out more resources and ways to celebrate MLK can be found on these links as well as our official Day of Service opportunity to volunteer.
This ASI Special event is an ongoing volunteer-led project made by people like you, using multiple educational sources regularly being revised and updated. We would love your assistance if you or your group would like to get involved, learn more here.