Geography Terms

Basic Geography Vocabulary List
  1. Animal – living thing that is able to move around  
  2. Cave – land with opening underground
  3. City – a crowded town
  4. Cloud – water vapor that is condensed and seen in the sky
  5. Country – a territory with its own government
  6. Day – time when sunlight can be seen
  7. Desert – dry land without grass or plants 
  8. Earth –  the planet where we live
  9. Forest – an area with a lot of trees
  10. Gas – fills container, unable to be seen
  11. Geography – study of land
  12. Globe – Earth 
  13. Highway – road with multiple lanes and fast cars
  14. Hill – a high area of ground
  15. Island – an area of land surrounded but water all around it
  16. Jungle – an area of land with trees and wildlife
  17. Lake – a lot of water that is surrounded by land
  18. Land – covers the surface of Earth where there is no water
  19. Liquid – flows and fills up shape of container
  20. Mass – a large amount
  21. Matter – something that takes up space
  22. Mountain – a big sharp hill
  23. Night – time when moon can be seen
  24. Ocean – a larger part of the sea
  25. Park – an area where children play
  26. Planet – a body orbiting the sun
  27. Plant – a living thing with roots, usually stays in one spot permanently 
  28. Rain – water falling from clouds
  29. River – a thin strip of water surrounded by land
  30. Road – a route cars use to travel
  31. Sea – a big lake
  32. Solid – firm and keeps shape
  33. State – smaller parts of country
  34. Sun – the star that has the Earth orbiting around it
  35. Surface – the top part of something 
  36. Star – a light in the sky that is smaller than the Sun
  37. Town  – a smaller city
  38. Water – a colorless liquid
  39. World – what contains everything
  40. Weather – can be measured with temperature
  41. Wind – gust of air



Level One Geography Vocabulary List
  1. Africa – continent between South America and Europe
  2. America – used to describe either North or South America
  3. Antarctica – continent below South America and above North America
  4. Arctic Ocean – ocean between Antarctica and Canada
  5. Area – a part of land
  6. Asia – continent on north eastern hemisphere
  7. Australia – continent below Asia
  8. Atlantic Ocean – ocean between North America and Europe
  9. Canada – country above United States of America
  10. Community – town or group of people
  11. Continent – main chunks of land on Earth
  12. Climate – weather
  13. Direction – the way taken to get to one place
  14. Distance – the space between two places
  15. East – to the right
  16. Equator – middle line that divides the two poles(imaginary)
  17. Europe – continent connected to Asia
  18. Fog – a cloud near ground
  19. Freshwater – water not found in sea
  20. Indian Ocean – ocean below of India
  21. Map – a copy of land on paper  
  22. Mexico – country below United States of America
  23. North – above/ to the top
  24. North America – continent in the north western part of Earth
  25. Pacific Ocean – Ocean between North America and Asia
  26. Pole – bottom and top part of Earth
  27. North Pole – top part of Earth in Antartica
  28. Peninsula – land covered by water on three sides
  29. South – below/ to the bottom
  30. South America – continent in the south western part of Earth
  31. South Pole – bottom part of Earth in Antarctica
  32. Symbol – a sign 
  33. Time – measure of progress from past to present to future
  34. United – combined or connected
  35. United States of America – also known as America, where we live
  36. Valley – small area of land between hills or mountains
  37. Volcano – a mountain filled with lava
  38. West – to the left

 

Level Two Geography Vocabulary List
  1. Antarctic Circle – southern part of Arctic circle
  2. Atlas – collection of maps
  3. Atmosphere – the gases that goes around Earth
  4. Arctic – northern part of Earth
  5. Arctic Circle – area south on Earth where daylight and night are completely opposite
  6. Bay – water surrounded by land
  7. Breeze – low wind
  8. Blizzard – excess snow
  9. Border – separation between countries
  10. Boundary – border
  11. Brook – natural stream
  12. Calm – when there is no wind  
  13. Canyon – a deep valley
  14. Celsius – measurement of weather in degrees used
  15. Compass – instrument used to find direction
  16. Continental United States – belonging to United States
  17. Capitol – building where government meets
  18. Capital city- a capital of a state
  19. Central America – land between North and South America
  20. Characteristic – features
  21. Civilization – human society
  22. Coast – land near sea
  23. Coastline – where land meets water
  24. Coordinate – degrees of longitude and latitude
  25. Comet – gas and dust particles pointing away from Sun
  26. Continental – belonging to the continent
  27. County – different parts in a state
  28. Crater – effect from meteor hitting the moon
  29. Creek – stream smaller than river 
  30. Cycle – the process of something
  31. Cyclone – hurricane
  32. Dam – wood used to stop flow of water
  33. Degree – unit of longitude and latitude 
  34. Downstream – opposite of river flow
  35. Earthquake – ground shaking that happens suddenly
  36. Eastern Hemisphere – eastern half of Earth
  37. Environment – surroundings 
  38. Fahrenheit – measurement of weather in degrees
  39. Fault – cracks in side of land or vallies
  40. Feature – different parts of something
  41. Flood – excess water found on land
  42. Frontier – border between countries
  43. Glacier  – area of ice
  44. Government – group of people running the country
  45. Great Lakes – freshwater lakes throughout north america
  46. Great Plains – plains west of mississippi
  47. Grid – used to find exact locations on Earth
  48. Gulf – sea going over land
  49. Harbor – where boats stay
  50. Hemisphere – half of Earth
  51. Highlands – similar to mountains
  52. International – across countries
  53. International Boundary – international border
  54. Interstate Highway – main major road
  55. Landfill – a place where waste is placed  
  56. Landform – large land apart of Earth
  57. Land Mass – an area of land
  58. Landscape – area of land
  59. Latin America – 33 Latin speaking countries
  60. Latitude –  north and west measurement of equator
  61. Legend – explains symbols on map
  62. Location – one place
  63. Longitude – east and west measurement of primer meridian 
  64. Marine – environment of sea
  65. Mississippi River – river in Mississippi
  66. Missouri River – river in Missouri 
  67. Mount Everest – the highest mountain in the world
  68. Mount McKinley – highest mountain in north america
  69. Mouth – opening of river
  70. Nation – country
  71. National – nationwide
  72. National Park – historical park
  73. Natural – original form
  74. Natural Boundary – natural border
  75. Nature – physical surroundings outside
  76. North Africa – northern part of Africa
  77. Northern Hemisphere – northern half of Earth
  78. Parallel – lines that are opposite from each other and don’t touch
  79. Passage – moving under or through
  80. Plain – flat land
  81. Physical Characteristic – physical features
  82. Pond – small lake
  83. Population – number of people in community
  84. Physical – in person
  85. Position – one spot
  86. Rain Forest – forest in tropical areas
  87. Range – the length between two things
  88. Range mountain – multiple mountains together
  89. Reference Point – point to refer back to
  90. Region – area of country
  91. Resource – supply 
  92. Rocky Mountains – mountain range from Canada to New Mexico
  93. Scale – explaining relation between actual size of land compared to size shown on map
  94. Southern Hemisphere – southern half of Earth
  95. South Pacific – southern part of Pacific
  96. Stream – small body of water
  97. Swamp – land constantly filled with water
  98. Time zone – area of land with specific time 
  99. Tribe – a specific ethnic group
  100. Upstream – direction of river flow 
  101. Western Hemisphere – western half of Earth

 

Level Three Geography Vocabulary List
  1. Aborigines – indigenous people of Australia
  2. Alps – mountain range from North Africa through south Europe to near the Himalayas in Asia
  3. Altitude – used to measure area above sea level
  4. Andes – longest mountain range in the world, along south america
  5. Appalachians – area of land between north Alabama and Georgia to southern New York
  6. Arabian Desert – big desert in West Asia, makes up most of the Arabian Peninsula
  7. Atlas Mountains – mountain range in northwest Africa
  8. Axis – invisible line at where the Earth turns
  9. Barren – land unable to grow a lot of plants
  10. Basin – dip in the surface of Earth
  11. Biome – area where one species live
  12. Canal – man made waterways 
  13. Channel – waterway between two pieces of land
  14. Condensing – when water vapor turns into liquid form
  15. Continental Divide – border that separates different continents system of rivers
  16. Delta – wetlands that are made when rivers empty their water into another body of water
  17. Dew – small droplets of water(usually from rain)  
  18. Elevation – used to define depth of ocean or sea
  19. Embankment – used to carry roads or railways across water
  20. Far East – east and southeast asia
  21. Great Basin – biggest watershed in north america
  22. Great Divide – the name of the continental divide of the Americas
  23. Great Meridian – also known as the prime meridian
  24. Greenwich Meridian – borough in London used to show where the imaginary line of 0 degrees longitude passes
  25. Himalayas – where Mount Everest is located, goes through many countries in south asia to east east asia
  26. Inlet – a bay found at the shore of a body of water
  27. International Date Line – border for when each calendar year starts
  28. Key – small coral island
  29. Lowland – area of land that is near or under sea level
  30. Marsh – area of land that is covered by water for a long time
  31. Mediterranean – world’s biggest inland sea
  32. Meridian – constant longitude going around the surface of Earth  
  33. Mesa – flat mountain or hill
  34. Middle East – area of near the Mediterranean sea
  35. Monsoon – periods of heavy rainfall
  36. Nile River – river going south to north of eastern Africa 
  37. Oasis – green area in desert
  38. Outback – open land far away from cities and towns
  39. Pacific Rim – countries at edge of the pacific ocean
  40. Panama Canal – canal connecting atlantic and pacific ocean
  41. Plateau – flat highland 
  42. Prime – first, main
  43. Prime Meridian – imaginary line going from north to south at 0 degrees
  44. Projection – a map showing flat surfaces of Earth
  45. Promontory – high area of land that beyond a lowland or a body water
  46. Reef – grouped rock or coral lying near the surface of the ocean
  47. Ridge – chain of mountains
  48. Sahara Desert – world’s largest hot desert and is in North Africa(Sahara means desert in Arabic)
  49. Sea Level – measurement of deep the water is
  50. Sediment – solid material, usually rocks or minerals
  51. Sound – big area of sea 
  52. Stalactite – form in the shape of icicle hanging from the top of a cave
  53. Stalagmite – mineral deposits that are growing in the upwords direction
  54. Strait – thin strip of water that connects two bigger waters together
  55. Suez Canal – canal connecting mediterrerean sea to the indian ocean
  56. Topography – study of forms of land
  57. Tropical – climate relating to the tropics
  58. Tropics – land on Earth near the equator
  59. Tropic of Cancer – at 23 degrees latitude north of the equator
  60. Tropic of Capricorn – 23 degrees south latitude of the equator
  61. Tributary – freshwater stream that flows into a larger stream of water
  62. Tundras – land covered by snow for a long period of time

Zone – land on Earth divided by their distance from the equator.