Learning Targets 

  • I can identify some attributes of early Southwestern Indigenous peoples.
  • I can understand some distinct sounds of Indigenous flutes.

Key Terms

  1. Apache
  2. Navajo 
  3. Coyote
  4. Trickster
  5. Hogan
  6. Pueblo
  7. Yuman Music 
  8. Oral Tradition
  9. Netting 
  10. Warbling

Learn more about the original Southwestern tribes:


Navajo Hogan


Pottery, Basketry, Bead-work


Corn, squash, beans

Spiritual Practices

Animism, Shamanism


Southwestern Indigenous Music

Southwest Apache – Music plays a crucial role in the ceremonies and dances that embody the culture of the Pueblos and the Southern Athabascans

Southwest Navajo – Mostly male voices perform all of the songs either solo or in chorus, accompanied by rattles, bells, or drums.

Modern Indigenous Music

Just like Indigenous culture and Indigenous peoples, Indigenous music is not something that just exists in the past. There are several current and upcoming indigenous musical artists that need to be recognized for their talents and contributions. 

A few of these names include:

Indigenous Folktale

Navajo Legend Coyote –  “Coyote Tales “ is a collection of six Navajo stories about the Indigenous folktale character Coyote. These stories were collected by anthropologist William Morgan and were translated into English by linguist Robert W. Young.


Discussion Questions

  1. What are some of the reasons as to why it is important to understand that Indigenous culture is something that is current and relevant? Why do you think that some people may misunderstand it as something of the past?
 Work Cited

“10 Great Indigenous Musicians to Listen to in 2021.” RAVEN Trust, 31 Dec. 2020,

“6 Indigenous Artists You Need to Know in 2021 | CBC Music.” CBCnews, CBC/Radio Canada, 18 June 2021,

“American Indian and Native Alaskan Song.” The Library of Congress,

“American Indian Film Gallery: Apache Arts and Crafts.” American Indian Film Gallery: Cultures of Apache Tribes and Hopi Tribes,

Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne. An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States. Beacon Press, 2015.  

Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.,

The Journal of American Folk-Lore – JSTOR.

Lesley. “Historical Coil Pots – a History of Coil Pots over the Years.” Pottery Tips by the Pottery Wheel, 23 June 2021,

“Music of the American Indians of the Southwest.” Smithsonian Folkways Recordings,

“Native American Coil Pots Lesson Plan.” Art Supplies from Blick,

“Native American (Courting) Flute.” White Crow Flutes, 14 Sept. 2020, 

“Native Languages of the Americas: Cocopa Indian Legends, Myths, and Stories (Cocopah).” Cocopa Legends (Cocopah Folklore, Myths, and Traditional Indian Stories),

“The Warble of Early Flutes.” The Warble of Native American Flutes –,