Level: Middle School
Duration: Six 45-minute class periods
Historical Overview: Kathe Kollwitz, German Expressionism, and the history of Japanese wood block printing
Goals and Objectives: To introduce printmaking techniques
Vocabulary: Positive and negative space, relief printmaking, brayer, press, barren, inks, Blankets
Materials: Paper, pencils, tracing paper, tape, glass with taped edges, rollers/ brayers, press, barren, inks, door knobs, Japanese rice paper and sampling of other papers, sampling of wood
- Anticipatory Set: Show posters and books of images of different prints by artist Kathe Kollwitz.
- Slide lecture on history of relief printmaking.
- Class discussion on artists shown.
- Review vocabulary.
- Demonstrate image reversal and planning for use of negative space.
- Provide a sampling of wood and linoleum.
- Students create preliminary sketches and transfer drawings onto linoleum.
- Demonstrate cutting tools and techniques (i.e. using hot plate to make cutting easier).
- Demo on sharpening knives and different types of cuts.
- Students use tools to cut images.
- Review variety of methods for inking plate.
- Demo on basic hand image transfer printmaking techniques
- Demonstrate studio clean up rules and techniques.
- Students complete project one.
- Demo on reduction cut printmaking techniques using linoleum.
- Review inks and color mixing with palette knives and paint scrapers.
- Review different methods of registration and keeping aligned edges secured.
- Demonstrate hand painting plate with oil paint and linseed oil applied with brushes
- Demonstrate color separation with multiple plates.
- Demo on how to use press.
- Students complete projects and critique prints.