Level: Elementary and Middle School
Duration: Two 45-minute class periods
Historical Overview: Eskimo art
Goals and Objectives: To introduce sculpting techniques
Vocabulary: Positive and negative space, carving additive and subtractive methods, proportion, scale
Materials: Clay, carving tools, wire and washer clay cutting tool, sponges, water containers, toothbrushes, spray bottle
- Wedge clay.
- Using a ball of clay, have students pull clay to form head and neck of bird.
- Cut into back separating clay to form three shapes – wings and tail.
- Add details like beak, claws, eyes, and feathers.
- Using extruder make nest and roll eggs.
- Anticipatory Set: Show posters and books of images of different clay animals.
- Review vocabulary.
- Demonstrate subtractive method and found tools.
- Have students wedge clay, roll it into a ball, and pull some clay to form the neck and head.
- Using a knife, have students follow along making a plus sign cut and form this into four legs.
- Have students use sticks and small balls of clay to create eyes and cut mouth into clay.
- Make sure to spray clay and wrap any unfinished work well.