Level: Middle School
Duration: Six 45-minute class periods
Historical Overview: Kathe Kollowitz and German Expressionism, and the history of Japanese wood block printing
Goals and Objectives: To introduce printmaking techniques.
Vocabulary: positive and negative space, relief printmaking, brayer, press, barren, inks, blankets
Materials: paper, pencils, tracing paper, tape, glass with taped edges, rollers/ brayers, press, barren, inks, door knobs, Japanese rice paper and sampling of other papers, sapling of wood
- Anticipatory Set: Show posters and books of art by artist Kathe Kollowitz.
- Slide lecture on history of relief printmaking.
- Class discussion on artists shown.
- Review vocabulary.
- Demonstrate image reversal and planning for use of negative space.
- Provide a sampling of wood and linoleum.
- Students create preliminary sketch studies and transfer drawings onto linoleum.
- Demonstrate cutting tools and techniques (e.g., using hot plate to make cutting easier).
- Demo on how to sharpen knives and different types of cuts.
- Students use tools to cut images.
- Review variety of methods for inking plate.
- Demo on basic image transfer printmaking techniques.
- Demonstrate studio cleanup rules and techniques.
- Student complete project one.
- Demo on reduction cut printmaking techniques using linoleum.
- Review inks and color mixing with palette knives and paint scrapers.
- Review different methods of registration and keeping aligned edges secured.
- Demonstrate hand painting plate with oil paint and linseed oil applied with brushes.
- Demonstrate color separation with multiple plates.
- Demo on how to use press.
- Students complete projects and critique prints.